The topic of modular housing construction and small-scale densification of suburbs is a core issue that Realarchitektur has been dealing with in practice for over 10 years now.
Back in 2006, possibilities to densify and upgrade a Stockholm suburb were investigated in the course of the “TenstaBo 06” national building exhibition. The winning competition entry for a housing estate by Petra Petersson, REALARCHITEKTUR, Head of the Institute of Construction and Design Principles (KOEN), was exhibited on the spot and used by the City of Stockholm’s housing development company to establish contact with residents and potential users.
That, in turn, resulted in a co-operation between Realarchitektur and the housing developer Familjebostäder in the form of a housing construction project that was completed in 2014 in Hägersten, a suburb of Stockholm. The project encompassed a children’s day-care facility and 28 dwelling units, 50% of which were let to a municipal housing association, and 50% of which were sold by a private estate agency to a homeowners’ alliance. The project consists of four types of houses with recurring basic modules which were erected in prefab concrete construction. The project was published several times and nominated as one of the ten best architectural projects in 2015 in Stockholm.
An additional building at the entrance to the housing estate accommodates the children’s day-care facility. The new residential buildings face a listed housing estate for workers of the Ericsson factory, representing an early example of modern housing in Sweden. For the new housing project, four new house types ranging from two-storey, four-room flats to three-storey, five-room flats were developed. These town houses vary in height in order to adapt to the terrain, and are grouped into larger structures whose proportions and positions are aligned with the buildings facing them. All units are accessible from the street via steps and ramps. In addition to the terrace on the first floor, each flat possesses a small garden with a view to the woods. Seen against the backdrop of lacking housing space in Stockholm, it seems that the underdeveloped fringe areas of the city, which were built chiefly between 1930 and 1970, could provide a promising possibility to design a new type of suburb. Standardisation enables low construction costs and the housing’s modular construction allows for an individual approach to the context in question. The aim is to utilise the structure of the town house to facilitate small-scale, individual flats while still creating homogeneous large-scale buildings.
Adolfsson Jörby, Sofie (Hg.): Rätt tätt. En idéskrift om förtätning av städer och orter. Boverkes mars, Karlskrona, 2016.
Gullberg, Anders. 2006. Tensta utanför mitt fönster: ingang till TenstaBo og. Stockholmia förlag. Stockholm.